Roughly rectangular in shape, and on the strategic Vardar Valley north–south communications route, Macedonia is landlocked, bordering Serbia & Montenegro to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south and Bulgaria to the east.Time
GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October) – Paris time zonePopulation
2,055,915 (CIA estimate 2007); Population Density - 80 per sq km; Capital - Skopje.
Macedonian (a Slavonic language using the Cyrillic script) is the most widely used language. Albanian, Turkish and Serbo-Croat are also used by ethnic groups. English, French and German are widely spoken.Currency
Macedonian Denar (MKD; symbol ден) = 100 deni. Notes are in denominations of ден 5,000, 1,000, 500, 100, 50 and 10. Coins are in denominations of ден 5, 2 and 1, and 50 deni.Currency Exchange - All major currencies may be exchanged, but Euros are easiest to exchange.Exchange Rate Indicators
220 volts AC, 50Hz
Handshaking is the common practice on introduction.
Food and Drink
Mains water is normally chlorinated and safe. Bottled water is available. Milk is pasteurised and dairy products are safe for consumption. Local meat, poultry, seafood, fruit and vegetables are safe to eat. Macedonian cuisine is similar to that of Turkey and Greece. It combines Balkan and Mediterranean flavours and traditions.
• Different varieties of kebab can be found almost everywhere
• Ajvar is the national sauce, made from sweet red peppers
• Gravce tavce (beans in a skillet)
• Burek (flaky pie filled with combinations of ham, cheese, spinach and ground beef)
• Delicious trout from Lake Ohrid
Legal drinking age: 18
Shopping hours: Mon-Fri 0800-2000 and Sat 0800-1500.
Country code: 389. All telecommunications services are generally working normally.Mobile Telephone
Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone companies. Coverage is mostly good.Post
Services work normally.
Getting Here by Air
The national airline is Macedonian Airlines (MAT) (IN) (website: www.mat.com.mk).Main Airports
Skopje (SKP) (website: www.airports.com.mk) is 17km (10.2 miles) from the city. To/from the airport: Taxis are available to the city centre (journey time – 25 to 30 minutes). There is no airport shuttle bus. Facilities: Include duty-free shop, bar and restaurant, bank/bureau de change, baggage facilities, post office and car hire.
There is also an airport at Ohrid.
NoneGetting Here by Rail
Intercity trains operate between Skopje and Llubljana (Slovenia) and Belgrade (Serbia) via Niš. Trains also run between Skopje and Thessaloniki (Greece). An east to west railway is being constructed that will connect Macedonia with Bulgaria.Getting Here by Road
Car: The international highway E-75 runs north to south from Serbia to Greece. There are also good road links to Bulgaria and Albania.
Bus: A number of bus lines that are frequent and relatively inexpensive connect Macedonia with its neighbouring countries and other European cities.
Climate: As a landlocked country, Macedonia has a pronounced continental climate, with very cold winters and hot summers.Required Clothing
Medium weight clothing and very warm overcoats in winter; lightweight clothing and raincoats required for the summer.